The brain and epilepsy

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Brain Regions Affected by Epilepsy

Frontal Lobe

The frontal lobe, positioned at the front of the brain, governs reasoning, motor skills, high-level cognition, and expressive language. It contains the motor cortex, responsible for transmitting information for body movements.

Parietal Lobe

The parietal lobe, situated in the middle section of the brain, processes tactile and sensory information such as pressure, touch, and pain. It houses the somatosensory cortex, crucial for processing the body's senses.

Temporal Lobe

The temporal lobe, located underneath the parietal and frontal lobes, is pivotal for interpreting sounds and language. It contains the auditory cortex and the hippocampus, associated with memory formation. Temporal lobe epilepsy is the most common form, affecting approximately 60% of epilepsy patients.

Occipital Lobe

The occipital lobe, positioned at the back of the brain, interprets visual stimuli and information. It houses the primary visual cortex, which processes information from the eyes' retinas.

Other Important Brain Regions

  • Sensory Cortex: Located in the front portion of the parietal lobe, it receives information about body position and movement relayed from the spinal cord.
  • Motor Cortex: Located in the top middle portion of the brain, it helps monitor and control body movement.
  • Wernicke's Area: Situated in the temporal lobe, around the auditory cortex, it aids in formulating and understanding speech.